This seventh edition of the BIPE-BDO/FP2E overview of public water and wastewater services in France comes amid the reaffirmation of a political will in France to reinvest in the sector. This, together with a drive to improve performances through contractual arrangements between actors, was clearly in evidence at the sector's national conference, the Assises de l'Eau. The ambition to achieve greater efficiency of services is reflected in the extensive use of strategic planning and the trend towards greater data transparency. Achieving the good status of water bodies remains a priority objective – an objective reinforced with the revision of the European Water Framework Directive. Indeed, adapting to the effects of climate change is now an imperative that cannot be ignored.